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Selous Game Reserve

Few safaris in Tanzania evoke the mystique of the African bush as one commissioned in the Selous Game Reserve. Covering fifty-four thousand square kilometres of south-western Tanzania, it is three times the size of Serengeti, and remains the largest protected wilderness reserve on the continent.

Named after the legendary 19th century explorer and hunter Frederick Courtenay Selous, the reserve was founded in 1905, and was later expanded to include traditional elephant migration routes and to accommodate the area’s vast herds of buffalo.

The sheer diversity of its landscape – ranging from hot volcanic springs to the numerous river channels that split the plains – makes Selous the perfect home for an enormous and varied population of wildlife. Now a world heritage site, human impact has been minimal.* The Rufiji river is the reason for Selous’s success, and in the dry season (June to October) great numbers of animals can be found along its banks. Among them are elephant, giraffe, hippo, cheetah, crocodile and up to a third of Africa’s wild dog, whose long ranges are easily contained in a park this size.

Activities at Selous Game Reserve include boat trips, fishing, walking safaris and visiting Steigler Gorge. Best visited during the dry season, though still accessible between December and February.

*Selous is not immune to problems. Steigler Gorge has been identified as a dam site, and state-local community relations are not as good as they could be.

Climate Information

The Selous Game Reserve is situated in the very south of Tanzania. Huge and watered by Rufiji River, it has two distinct ecological zones: grasslands that dominate north of the river and – to the south and constituting 80% of the park – miombo woodland. Ranging from semi-arid to humid, the park experiences a single rainy season, from mid-November through to April, with yearly average levels of precipitation 750mm to 1,300mm. East is drier, hotter and temperatures range between 17.9°C and 37.3°C. The park becomes steadily wetter the further west one goes, and temperatures drop slightly (14°C-36°C).

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